Rules & Regulations (2023)

Public transport tickets

Where to buy?
Tickets are sold at newsagent kiosks. One ticket is used for all means of public transport and is valid for buses, trams and the underground. In some towns you can buy tickets from the driver (at a surcharge), from ticket machines on board or at underground stations.

Ticket inspections may be frequent and the failure to produce a valid ticket may lead to a fine. The transport company inspectors are ununiformed but they carry an ID card which they are obliged to present to the passenger.

What types of tickets are available?
Not all cities have the same type of tickets. In some, you can buy tickets which are valid for a specific length of time - 15 minutes, 30 minutes, one hour, one day, 24 hours etc. Such tickets can be used to travel by any means of public transport within the allocated time. When the ticket is stamped in the machine on board, the time is printed on the ticket. The ticket should only be stamped once. In some cities also single journey tickets are available.

Rail tickets
The best place to buy rail tickets is the station. Express / IC InterCity / EC EuroCity trains are charged extra for seat booking.Vist the information desk to enquire about timetables, prices and special offers. If you happen to be too late to buy a ticket at the station, you can still board the train and, as soon as possible, ask the guard to sell you a ticket (at a surcharge).

Using your own transport

All vehicles are required to use headlights, night day and and all year round.

The use of seat belts is compulsory for front and rear-seat passengers.

Roads and motorways
The condition of Polish roads could be described as relatively good. In the vicinity of the larger cities road surfaces are improving every month. Secondary roads can be qualified as being in a satisfactory condition.

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Conditions on the roads
Apart from these motorways there are many dual carriageways and single-lane roads. The surface of some of these roads has been deformed by ruts cut into the road surface during the summer by TIR trucks. In general drivers have to be a little more vigilant in Poland when driving along the minor roads in this country.

Speed limits

  • built-up area - 50 km/h
  • outside built-up area - 90 km/h
  • dual carriageway - 120 km/h
  • single-lane road - 100 km/h
  • twin lane carriageway with at least two lanes per direction - 100 km/h
  • motorway - 140 km/h

Road use charges
In Poland there is a toll on motorways (A1, A2, A4 and A8). These tolls are collected using two systems:

  • open system: The tolls are collected at toll booths situated on motorways. The toll depends on the type of vehicle.
  • closed system (viaTOLL system): The tolls are collected at toll booths situated on access roads, on junction roads and additionally on the final sections of motorways. The toll depends on the type of vehicle and the distance covered.

viaTOLL is an electronic toll collection system that charges road users for using selected sections of toll road network. Vehicles required to pay electronic tolls are the motor vehicles or combinations of vehicles with maximum permissible weight of over 3.5 tonnes and buses regardless of its maximum permissible weight.
viaTOLL system covers caravanning. Vehicles have to be equipped with little on-board units (so called viaBOX) which communicate with transmitters in toll gantries. Each time a vehicle equipped with viaBOX technology passes beneath the gantry the driver is charged for that particular section of toll road.

Rules & Regulations (1)

Customs duty
When travelling to Poland from a country outside the EU, you should take note some customs procedures and regulations. This will avoid the disappointment when some of the items you bought during your stay in Poland turn out to be subject to customs restrictions..

If you are 17 years of age or over, you may legally bring into Poland goods for your personal use and consumption, free of customs duty, as long as the quantity of the goods does not exceed:

tobacco products:

  • 200 cigarettes
  • 100 cigarillos or 50 cigars
  • 250 g of tobacco
  • a proportional quantity of all of these various products combined;

spirits and alcoholic drinks:

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  • alcoholic beverages with alcohol volume content of more than 22% and pure ethyl alcohol with alcohol volume content of more than 80% - 1 litre,
  • alcoholic beverages, wine- or alcohol-based aperitifs, taffia, sake or similar drinks with alcohol volume content up to 22%; sparkling wines, liqueurs - 2 litres
  • non-sparkling wines - 2 litres

If you are 17 years of age or over and you are a resident of the frontier zone, a frontier zone worker or a member of the crew of a means of transport used for travel between third countries and the EU, you may legally bring into Poland goods for your personal use and consumption, free of customs duty, in quantities which do not exceed:

tobacco products:

  • alcoholic beverages with alcohol volume content of more than 22% and pure ethyl alcohol with alcohol volume content of more than 80% - 0.5 litre
  • alcoholic beverages, wine- or alcohol-based aperitifs, taffia, sake or similar drinks with alcohol volume content up to 22%; sparkling wines, liqueurs – 0.5 litre
  • non-sparkling wines – 0.5 litre

spirits and alcoholic drinks:

  • 0,5 litre of spirits
  • 0,5 litre of intermediary products
  • 0,5 litres of non-sparkling wine

The value of the goods listed above may not exceed amount in PLN equivalent to EUR 80.00.
You should be aware of the current control regulations in Poland before taking out funds in excess of EUR 10,000.
Please be aware that you will be asked to document any other goods brought in quantities which may be reasonably considered as being imported for commercial use.

Import restrictions
You must not bring with you (unless under a special permit) such banned goods as:

  • unlicensed drugs (e.g. heroin, morphine, cocaine, cannabis, etc),
  • offensive weapons (e.g. firearms, flick knives, knuckledusters, swords, etc)
  • indecent and obscene materials featuring children and other pornographic materials which are considered illegal in EU countries.
  • counterfeit and pirated goods and goods that infringe patents (e.g. watches, CDs, etc)

Protection of national heritage

To export from Poland to any foreign country (both within and outside the EU) an object of historic value, a work of art or an object of Poland’s industrial heritage, you must obtain a suitable permit issued by the Minister of Culture and National Heritage. Antique shops or other legitimate sellers offering such objects for sale should be able to offer assistance in obtaining the required permit.

Export permits are not required in case of:

  • Objects which are not entered in the Inventory of National Heritage and which are not older than 55 years;
  • Objects of industrial heritage, which are entered in the Inventory of National Heritage and which are not older than 25 years;
  • Works of are created by living artists;
  • Library items dated after 31 December 1948;
  • Other objects of historic value which are not entered in the Inventory of National Heritage.

A certificate stating that an object mentioned above does not require export permit must be obtained. Certificates are issued by the local Curator of National Heritage Monuments. Ask the vendor offering such objects for sale to assist you in obtaining the required certificate.


Avian flu
Because of the danger of avian flu, Poland – like other EU countries – does not allow import of animal products whose country of origin is outside of the EU. This ban does not apply to infant products (on condition that such products do not require refrigeration prior to consumption, and the packaging is intact). Meat and milk can only be imported under a special permit.

Visas - general information

There are many countries whose citizens can visit Poland as tourists without visas. These include all European Union countries.

Visa free travel to Poland is available to citizens of many countries outside the European Union.

Countries whose citizens can travel to Poland for up to 90 days without a visa:

Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Honduras, Hong Kong (SAR), Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macao (SAR), Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States of America, Uruguay, Vatican, Venezuela.

Detailed information on rules covering entry and stay in Poland can be obtained from Polish embassies and consular offices.

A list of addresses of embassies and consulates

Visa application service


A visa is still required for a stay of longer than three months or when entering the country to take up paid employment.

A list of countries whose citizens can travel to Poland for up to 90 days without a visa

Alcohol & Cigarettes

Poland has no specific laws regulating alcohol consumption. There are, however, certain restrictions as to the age and venues where people are permitted to drink alcohol. It is also worth remembering that being under the influence of alcohol is not a mitigating factor if an offence has been committed. While smoking tobacco is going out of fashion in Poland, it is not prohibited to smoke in public places.

Drinking in public places
In Poland, it is prohibited to drink alcohol in public places, with the exception of properly licensed designated places, such as bars, restaurants, open air café gardens, etc.

Underage drinking
It is strictly prohibited to sell or offer alcohol to young people under the age of 18 years. Likewise, underage drinking is not allowed in licensed bars and restaurants.

Drinking & driving
In Poland, the legal limit of blood alcohol content is 20 milligrams per 100 millilitres of blood. Driving while under the influence of alcohol (between 20 mg and 50 mg) is an offence punishable by a fine. Driving while being above the 50 mg limit is a serious offence which leads to criminal conviction and possible seizure of the vehicle. Offenders face a possibility of immediate arrest and up to two years’ imprisonment.

Smoking in public places
Although in Poland it is not illegal to smoke in many public places, there are also regulations aiming at protecting non-smokers. With an increasing number of Polish people preferring a healthy lifestyle, smoking is no longer generally acceptable. The anti-smoking lobby is gaining popularity not only by promoting a healthy lifestyle for smokers, but mainly by protecting passive smokers. A nationwide campaign has been launched to declare 31 May a ‘Non Smoking Day’.

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Because of these concerns, smoking is now prohibited in many places. Many such places may have, however, designated smoking areas. Therefore, in restaurants, pubs, on trains, in theatres, colleges, etc. you may only smoke in such designated areas. Smoking is strictly prohibited in places marked with special signs (a cigarette crossed with a red line).


What are the three key steps identified in the Working at height regulations 2005? ›

ensure workers can get safely to and from where they work at height. ensure equipment is suitable, stable and strong enough for the job, maintained and checked regularly. not overload or overreach when working at height. take precautions when working on or near fragile surfaces.

Can I refuse to be a first aider at work? ›

It is not a legal requirement that all employers have a fully trained first aider, but someone must be appointed to take charge of first aid in the workplace.

What are the 3 legislative requirements in respect of health and safety? ›

The main provisions require employers to: ensure the safety and suitability of work equipment for the purpose for which it is provided; properly maintain the equipment, irrespective of how old it is; provide information, instruction and training on the use of equipment; and.

What is legally required in a first aid box? ›

individually wrapped triangular bandages, preferably sterile. safety pins. large and medium-sized sterile, individually wrapped, unmedicated wound dressings. disposable gloves.

What are the 3 simple rules to consider for working at height? ›

Safety Rules for Working at Height

Always select work equipment that is safe to use and suitable for the task at hand. Think about whether the new equipment will create any new hazards. Locate airbags as close as possible to the working area.

What are the 5 safety guidelines for working from heights? ›

Dos and don'ts of working at height

ensure equipment is suitable, stable and strong enough for the job, maintained and checked regularly; take precautions when working on or near fragile surfaces; provide protection from falling objects; consider emergency evacuation and rescue procedures.

How can you treat shock? ›

Seek emergency medical care

Lay the person down and elevate the legs and feet slightly, unless you think this may cause pain or further injury. Keep the person still and don't move him or her unless necessary. Begin CPR if the person shows no signs of life, such as not breathing, coughing or moving.

What are the 3 primary duties of a first aider? ›

  • Assess the situation quickly and calmly.
  • Protect yourself and them from any danger.
  • Prevent infection between you and them.
  • Comfort and reassure.
  • Assess the casualty and give first aid treatment.
  • Arrange for help if needed.

How do you treat someone who is partially choking? ›

Learn first aid for someone who is choking
  1. If someone is choking, encourage them to cough. ...
  2. Bend them forwards and give up to 5 back blows to try and dislodge the blockage. ...
  3. If they are still choking, give up to 5 abdominal thrusts: hold around the waist and pull inwards and upwards above their belly button.

What is Regulation 3 of management of health and safety at work Regulation? ›

Regulation 3 places a legal duty of care onto employers to carry out risk assessments to protect the health, safety and welfare of their employees as well as others who can be affected by their work activities such as members of the public, contractors, visitors to their premises or if working on a client's premises, ...

What are the safety regulations in the workplace? ›

What are the 10 rules for workplace safety?
  • Always be aware of your surroundings.
  • Ensure you have the correct posture for back and neck protection.
  • Make sure you take regular breaks.
  • Always operate machines, tools and other equipment properly.
  • Always ensure emergency exits are clear and accessible.
7 Sept 2022

What are the 6 health and safety regulations? ›

No Win No Fee compensation
  • What are the Six Pack health and safety regulations? ...
  • Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999. ...
  • Manual Handling Operations Regulations. ...
  • Display Screen Equipment (DSE) Regulations. ...
  • Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations. ...
  • Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations.

What are the 6 points of the first aid regulations? ›

six safety pins; two large, individually wrapped, sterile, unmedicated wound dressings; six medium-sized, individually wrapped, sterile, unmedicated wound dressings; at least three pairs of disposable gloves (you can find more advice here).

Why is first aid important in the workplace? ›

First aid training helps employees learn to be more conscious of safety in the workplace, leading to a reduced number of accidents and injuries. Minimizing risk to workers and decreasing workplace incidents is a benefit to everyone, but for employers it has implications within all aspects of business operations.

What are 3 items in a first aid bag? ›

1 emergency blanket. 1 breathing barrier (with one-way valve) 1 instant cold compress, also found within our First Aid Kit. 2 pair of nonlatex gloves (size: large)

What are the 10 safety tips? ›

Workplace safety tips
  • Use tools, equipment and machinery properly. ...
  • Report any unsafe conditions. ...
  • Wear all necessary safety gear. ...
  • Keep your workplace clear from clutter. ...
  • Stay hydrated. ...
  • Practice good posture when sitting or lifting. ...
  • Take regular breaks. ...
  • Be aware of your surroundings.

What is the main regulation for working at height? ›

Employers and those in control of any work at height activity must make sure work is properly planned, supervised and carried out by competent people. This includes using the right type of equipment for working at height. Low-risk, relatively straightforward tasks will require less effort when it comes to planning.

What are two main responsibilities when working at height? ›

Ensure the work is planned, organised and supervised at all times. Make sure that the risks from fragile surfaces have been properly controlled. Take weather conditions into account each time working at height needs to be done. Check that all equipment for working at height is checked and inspected.

Do and don'ts of safety rules? ›

Workplace Safety Dos And Don'ts
  1. Do Educate Your Workforce. ...
  2. Don't Take Shortcuts on Procedures. ...
  3. Do Be Aware of Your Surroundings. ...
  4. Don't Be Quiet About Unsafe Conditions. ...
  5. Do Encourage Regular Breaks. ...
  6. Don't Forgo Drug Testing. ...
  7. Do Wear Protective Equipment. ...
  8. Don't Block Emergency Exits.
14 Jun 2019

What is risk in safety? ›

Risk is the chance or probability that a person will be harmed or experience an adverse health effect if exposed to a hazard. It may also apply to situations with property or equipment loss, or harmful effects on the environment.

What is risk and hazard? ›

What is a hazard and what is a risk? A hazard is anything that could cause harm. And, risk, is a combination of two things – the chance that the hazard will cause harm and how serious that harm could be.

Which 3 of the following are the key elements to the work at height risk assessment? ›

Identifying the hazards. Deciding who might be harmed and how. Evaluating the risks and deciding on precautions.

What does the Work at Height Regulations 2005 cover? ›

The purpose of The Work at Height Regulations 2005 is to prevent death and injury caused by a fall from height. If you are an employer or you control work at height (for example facilities managers or building owners who may contract others to work at height) the Regulations apply to you.

What is the main regulation for working at height? ›

The piece of legislation covering working from height is the Work at Height Regulations 2005. The Work at Height Regulations 2005 applies to all work at height where there is a risk of a fall, liable to cause personal injury.

Which job role is most at risk from working at height? ›

Work carried out at height is responsible for nearly one third of fatal accidents on construction sites. Standing on unstable surfaces, using ladders incorrectly, and overstretching are particularly common causes of slips and falls. On the other hand, workers can drop equipment from height.

What are two responsibilities when working at height? ›

where work at height cannot be easily avoided, prevent falls using either an existing place of work that is already safe or the right type of equipment. minimise the distance and consequences of a fall, by using the right type of equipment where the risk cannot be eliminated.

What are the 3 types of barriers to prevent falls? ›

While there are a series of questions you can ask yourself to assess the safety of your team while working at height, there are three different types of fall protection systems: elimination, prevention, and arrest.

Which is the best description of working at height? ›

Work at height means work in any place where, if precautions were not taken, a person could fall a distance liable to cause personal injury.

What are the six steps to safety when working at height? ›

Assess the risks of working at height and take the necessary measures to avoid accidents by following these steps:
  1. Avoid working at height completely. ...
  2. Prevent falls using a safe place to carry out work. ...
  3. Prevent falls using collective equipment. ...
  4. Use personal protective equipment (PPE): Fall restraint.

What are the most effective ways to control working at height? ›

Preventing Falls from Height
  • Provide safe and proper access to and egress from heights for employees.
  • Install adequate fall prevention/protection systems such as guard rails, scaffolds and covers for openings.
  • Establish safe work procedures for various work at height (WAH) activities.

What is the minimum height for work at height activity? ›

Working at height refers to any work where a person could potentially fall and injure themselves. A ladder, a roof's edge, an opening on the floor, and even a loading dock can be considered working at height. In general industry, fall protection is required by OSHA for any height change of 4 feet or more.

What is work height hazards? ›

Suitable protection, such as platforms, coverings, crawling boards or guardrails, must be provided, and. Where this is not practicable, measures should be taken to minimize the distance and consequence of any fall, e.g. fall arrest systems, safety nets and air bags.


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